Mechanism of Injury:

  • Traumatic – direct injury from a fall, twisting event
  • Atraumatic – developmental or chronic

Subjective Symptoms:

  • Acute or chronic swelling or effusion
  • Pain with torsional activities, squatting, climbing repetitive motions
  • Localized pain with activities
  • Mechanical Symptoms (locking, catching, instability)

Objective Signs:

  • Swelling, Effusion
  • Tenderness to effected site
  • Crepitus with range of motion
  • Positive McMurray exams
  • X-rays / MRI / CT scans not as conclusive for damage.

Natural History:</