Runner’s knee and jumper’s knee are broad terms used when discussing anterior knee pain or patellofemoral pain. These conditions are related to overuse. Squatting, lunging, running and jumping cause repetitive stress to this area creating unwanted inflammation and pain. In addition to the repetitive stresses, muscular imbalances, muscular tightness or weakness can be a contributing factor to these symptoms.
The knee is the largest and one of the most complex joints in the human body. The joint and its components function together to provide stability and power for activities of daily living and athletic movements. The gliding motion of the patella is stabilized with additional soft tissue structures such as ligaments, muscles, tendons, synovial tissue and the fat pad beneath the patella. Muscles are connected to the bone by tendons. Muscles and tendons provide the motion of the joint. The quadriceps (thigh muscle) is connected to the patella (knee cap) by the quadriceps tendon. After crossing over the patella, the patellar tendon inserts onto the tibial tubercle (upper portion of your shin). These tendon